Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Saint Benedict the Bishop, founder of Wearthmouth-Jarrow Priory, England (+690) – January 12

Cornwall, England
Saint Benedict the Bishop,
founder of Wearthmouth-Jarrow Priory, England (+690)
January 12
Benedict Biscop (c. 628 – 690), also known as Biscop Baducing, was an Anglo-Saxon abbot and founder of Wearmouth-Jarrow Priory (where he also founded the famous library) and was considered a saint after his death.
Benedict was born of a noble Northumbrian family and was for a time a thegn of King Oswiu. At the age of 25 Benedict made the first of five trips to Rome, accompanying his friend Saint Wilfrid the Elder. However Wilfrid was detained in Lyon en route. Benedict completed the journey on his own and, when he returned to England, he was “full of fervour and enthusiasm… for the good of the Church”.
Benedict made a second journey to Rome twelve years later, this time accompanied by Alchfrith of Deira, a son of King Oswiu. On this trip he met Acca and Wilfrid. On his return journey to England Benedict stopped at Lérins, a monastic island off the Mediterranean coast of Provence. During his two-year stay there, from 665 to 667, he underwent a course of instruction, taking monastic vows and the name of

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Ορθοδοξία: Άγιος Δαυΐδ Επίσκοπος Menevia (σημ. St. Davids) της Ουαλίας (+600) – Προστάτης της Ουαλίας & της Βρετάνης της Γαλλίας – 1 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Δαυΐδ Επίσκοπος Menevia (σημ. St. Davids) Ουαλλίας (+600)
Προστάτης Ουαλλίας & Βρετάνης Γαλλίας
1 Μαρτίου
Την 1η Μαρτίου τιμά ή Εκκλησία την μνήμη αγίου Δαβίδ ο οποίος έζησε κατά τον 6° αιώνα και καταγόταν από τη βασιλική γενιά της Ουαλλίας. Πατέρας του ήταν ο πρίγκιπας Ξάνθος του Κάρντιγκαν, στον οποίο προανήγγειλε ο Θεός ότι θα αποκτούσε ένα γυιό πού θα έλουζε με τη θεία χάρη όλη τη χώρα τους. Πραγματικά ο Δαβίδ, αυτό το όνομα έδωσε ο πρίγκιπας στο πρώτο παιδί πού απόκτησε, αφού

Monday, November 28, 2016

Η ημέρα της Ουαλίας & η εορτή του Αγίου Δαυΐδ της Ουαλίας (+600) – 1 Μαρτίου

Άγιος Δαυΐδ Επίσκοπος Menevia (σημ. St. Davids) Ουαλλίας (+600)
Προστάτης Ουαλλίας & Βρετάνης Γαλλίας
1 Μαρτίου

Sunday, November 27, 2016

Heilige Abel van Reims in Frankrijk en Lobbes in België (+751) – 5 augustus ╰⊰¸¸.•¨* Dutch

Heilige Abel van Reims in Frankrijk en Lobbes in België (+751)
5 augustus
De heilige Abel was waarschijnlijk van Schotse afkomst en vergezelde Sint-Bonifatius bij zijn kerstening van Friesland.
Tijdens het concilie van Soissons in maart 744 stelde Bonifatius hem aan tot bisschop van Reims als opvolger van Milo van Trier die was afgezet. Paus Zacharias weigerde, ondanks de aanbevelingen van zowel hofmeier Carloman als van Pepijn de Korte, om het pallium te geven aan Abel. Als bisschop van

Saint Abban of Adamstone, Ireland (+520)

Άγιος Άμπαν (St Abban) του Adamstown της Ιρλανδίας (+520) – Ορθοδοξη Ιρλανδία

Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161) – Patron Saint of the eyes – July 26

Holy Skull of St. Paraskevi, Moni Petraki.jpg
Holy Skull of St. Paraskevi in Petraki Monastery, Athens, Greece
Saint Paraskevi the Holy & Glorious Virgin-Martyr of Greece, from Rome (+161)
Patron Saint of the eyes
July 26
The holy and glorious Virgin-Martyr Saint Paraskevi (also Paraskeva) was arrested during the reign of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (r. A.D. 138-161) under the penalty of refusing to worship idols and adhering to the state pagan religion. After enduring many tortures, she was eventually released by the emperor, continuing to profess Christ. She was eventually tortured and beheaded by the Roman governor Tarasius in the year 180. The Church commemorates her on July 26.
Saint Paraskevi, The Parthenomartyr, (July 26th), was born in a village near Rome during the reign of Hadrian (117-138 AD). Her parents were the pious Christians Agathonikos (Agathon) and Politea. Her parents prayed fervently for a child, and God finally blessed their piety. They gave great honor to Friday, the day of Our Lord’s suffering. Being born on this day, her parents named her Paraskevi (“Friday” in Greek, but literally “preparation”).
St Paraskevi obtained an excellent education from both secular and Scriptural instructors. She was also very knowledgeable in the field of philosophy. Bolstered by her Christian upbringing, she often conversed with other women about Christianity, trying to strengthen their faith in this new religion. Many distinguished families wanted this beautiful, educated and rich woman to marry their sons. Her understanding and kindness made her even more desirable. However having a higher goal in life, St Paraskevi rejected any marriage proposals.
When she was 20 years old, both her parents died 1eaving her as the sole heir to the family fortune. St Paraskevi did not use her fortune for herself. Filled with the spirit of Christ and Christian ideals, she sold all her worldly possessions using the money to relieve human suffering. There was a portion retained to a community treasury that supported a home for reverent virgins who stayed in a kenobion, a type of commune like a contemporary monastery. These women prayed and fasted doing charitable works. They preached primarily to Hebrew and idol worshiping women giving them an opportunity to learn about Christian salvation.
She left Rome at the age of 30 and began her holy mission, passing through many cities and villages. St Paraskevi’s activities occurred during a period that the Jews and Romans persecuted the Christian religion with the greatest intensity. Antoninus Pius (138-161) ruled Rome at this time, and he did not execute Christians without a trial. She was not caught immediately or put to death. Instead, Antoninus protected Christians against the blind mania of the Jewish and Roman inhabitants. Christians could only be brought to trial if another citizen lodged a formal complaint against them. Antoninus however had to repeal this law because of the many disasters which had befallen Rome and which were blamed on the Christians.
Strong in faith, learning, and eloquence, Paraskevi spoke persuasively to her fellow Roman citizens, leading them from idolatry to faith in Christ. Eventually, Antoninus heard of St. Paraskevi’s holy mission. Upon her return to Rome, several Jews filed complaints about her and Antoninus summoned her to his palace to question her. Attracted by her beauty and humility he tried with kind words to make her denounce her faith, even promising to marry her and make her an empress. Angered by her refusal he had a steel helmet, lined with nails and compressed on her head with a vice. It had no effect on the Saint and many who witnessed this miracle converted to Christianity. Thrown into prison, Paraskevi asked God to give her the strength to face the terror that awaited her. Antoninus again continued her torture by having her hung by her hair and at the same time burning her hands and arms with torches. The Saint suffered greatly, but had the will not to submit to the pain. Antoninus then prepared a large cauldron of oil and tar, boiled the mixture and then had Paraskevi immersed in it. Miraculously she stood in it as if she being refreshed rather than burned. Angered, Antoninus thought that she was using witchery to keep the contents cooled. Antoninus then approached the cauldron only to be blinded by the hot steam and searing emissions coming from the area. At this moment the mighty emperor asked for the intervention of St Paraskevi to heal him from this affliction to which she responded:
“Emperor, the Christian God is healing you from the blindness that was given to you as a punishment”.
Immediately, he regained his sight. Humbled by the miracle he freed the Saint, allowing her to continue her missionary activity and ended all persecutions against the Christians throughout the Roman Empire.
From this episode it is clear to the Christians that St Paraskevi has the intercessional ability to help people with visual ailments.
Astonished by the miracle, Antoninus released Paraskevi. He also ceased persecuting Christians throughout the Roman Empire.
This period was brief. After Antoninus’ death in 161, a plague broke out throughout the empire. Romans took it as a sign from their gods that that they were angered by the tolerance of Christianity. Under Antoninus’ successor, Marcus Aurelius (161-180), the laws dealing with “non-believers” were cahnged and the persecutions against the Christians resumed.
Despite these dangers, Paraskevi persevered in her missionary endeavors, spreading the Gospel wherever she traveled. By authority of emperor Aurelius the provincial eparchs Asclepius and Tarasios captured St Paraskevi. Having refused Asclepius’ demands to sacrifice to pagan gods, she was thrown into a snake pit. The Saint made the Sign of the Cross over the serpent and the serpent perished. Asclepius had heard of the Saint’s previous miracles, realized that a great and mighty power guarded Paraskevi and decided to set her free while Asclepius and his court were all converted.
Tarasios however was less tolerant. St Paraskevi was tied and beaten and afterwards imprisoned and a huge rock placed on her chest. She prayed to Christ to help her be strong. The next morning Paraskevi was taken willingly to the Temple of Apollo. Everyone praised Tarasios, thinking that he had succeeded in breaking St Paraskevi’s faith. However, upon entering the temple, the Saint raised her hand and made the sign of the cross. Suddenly, a loud noise was heard and all the idols in the temple were destroyed. The priests and idolaters dragged her from the altar, beat her, and pushed her out of the temple. The priests demanded that Tarasios kill Paraskevi. She was convicted and condemned to death by beheading.
It was customary to give the condemned their last wish. She asked to be left alone for a few moments so that she might pray for the last time. Afterwards, the roman soldiers returned and executed the Saint.
Many healing miracles occurred as a result of St Paraskevi’s divine intervention. It is said that that merely coming in contact with he dirt of her grave faithful, crippled could walk, demonized would return to health and that the infertile would bear children. Most importantly St Paraskevi healed the blindness of the roman emperor Antoninus Pius while she was in a heated cauldron. Her merciful disposition to her tormentor has made her an intercessor Saint for the healing of eye ailments.
Her remains were eventually taken to Constantinople, where they are venerated by the faithful to this very day.
Appropriate to your calling, O Champion Paraskevi, you worshipped with the readiness your name bears. For an abode you obtained faith, which is your namesake. Wherefore, you pour forth healing and intercede for our souls.
O most majestic One, we have discovered your temple to be a spiritual clinic wherein all the faithful resoundingly honor you, O famed and venerable martyr Paraskevi.
Tomb in Pounta, Greece
According to the tradition of the people of Epirus, Paraskevi was not martyred in Rome as mentioned in her traditional hagiography, but in Thesprotia where the Monastery of Saint Paraskevi of Pounta stands today. According to this tradition, strongly held by the locals, the headless body of the saint was entombed here and her tomb is still venerated today.
It is said that the persecutors of St. Paraskevi dragged her to the edge of the river Acheron to behead her. As the sword was raised over her head, she grabbed a stone pillar that she held so tightly that the print of her hands melted into it leaving an indelible mark. A church was eventually erected here by the faithful in her honor and housed her holy relics. Her skull was eventually placed in the walls of the church, though today it is kept in Moni Petraki in Athens.
According to the author and novelist Spyros Mouselimis, in his article “The Monastery of Pountas and the Feast of Saint Paraskevi” (Ηπειρωτική Εστία, 10, pp. 638-641, 1961), Pountas Monastery was known for its healing waters and numerous miracles. The pilgrims would cut off portions of the stone pillar of St. Paraskevi as a talisman, to the point that in 1960 the size of the stone was half its original size.
The property of the Monastery at one time was very great. According to Lambridis, at the end of the 19th century the annual revenue of the Monastery was 20,000 piastres, from which a boarding school was supported on its premises until 1913. After the population exchange of 1923 the Monastery was abandoned and did not operate again until 1975. Only the eastern side of the original Holy Altar area of the Katholikon survives today, while the rest of the church was restored in 1989 together with the inscription for the tomb of St. Paraskevi.
Today the Monastery operates as a female convent.
Source: Orthodox Wiki







Αγία Νίνα Ισαπόστολος και Φωτίστρια της Γεωργίας, από Καππαδοκία (+335) – 14 Ιανουαρίου

Αγία Νίνα Ισαπόστολος
και Φωτίστρια της Γεωργίας, από Καππαδοκία (+335)
14 Ιανουαρίου
Ἔκδοσις Ἱ. Μ. Ἁγ. Γεωργίου, Ἤλια Αἰδηψοῦ Εὔβοιας, 2002
Α) Ὁ κλῆρος τῆς Θεοτόκου
Σύμφωνα μὲ τὴν Ἁγία παράδοση, ἡ ὁποία μέχρι σήμερα διαφυλάσσεται στὴν Γεωργία, καθὼς ἐπίσης καὶ σὲ ὅλη τὴν Ὀρθόδοξη Ἐκκλησία, ἡ πανάμωμος Μητέρα τοῦ Θεοῦ, σύμφωνα μὲ τὴν πρόνοιά Του, ἐκλέχτηκε νὰ κηρύξη στὴν Γεωργία[1] τὴν σωτηρία των ἀνθρώπων, τὸ Εὐαγγέλιο τοῦ Υἱοῦ Της καὶ Κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ.
Μετὰ τὴν Ἀνάληψη τοῦ Κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ στοὺς Οὐρανούς, γράφει ὁ Ἅγιος Στέφανος ὁ Ἁγιορείτης, συγκεντρώθηκαν στὸ Ὄρος Σιὼν οἱ Μαθητές Του μαζὶ μὲ τὴν Παρθένο Μαρία, τὴν Μητέρα τοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ περίμεναν τὸν Παράκλητο, ὅπως τοὺς διεμήνυσε ὁ Κύριος, νὰ μὴν φύγουν ἀπὸ τὰ

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Η Αγία Ούρσουλα (St Ursula) και οι 10 Αγίες Παρθένες της συνοδίας της, Μάρθα, Σαούλη, Μπρικτόλα, Γρηγορία, Σατουρνίνα, Σαββατία, Σεντία, Παλλαδία, Σατουρία & Πιννόζα οι οποίες μαρτύρησαν στην Κολωνία (Cologne) της Γερμανίας, από Μ. Βρεταννία (+383) – 21 Οκτωβρίου


Η Αγία Ούρσουλα (St Ursula) και οι Αγίες 10 Παρθένες της συνοδίας της,
Μάρθα, Σαούλη, Μπρικτόλα, Γρηγορία, Σατουρνίνα, Σαββατία, Σεντία, Παλλαδία,
Σατουρία & Πιννόζα οι οποίες μαρτύρησαν στην Κολωνία (Cologne)
της Γερμανίας, από Μ. Βρεταννία (+383)
21 Οκτωβρίου
Η Αγία Ούρσουλα ήταν πριγκίπισσα και υπήρξε θυγατέρα του βασιλέα Δονάτου της Δουμνονίας της νοτιοδυτικής Αγγλίας και είχε καταγωγή Ρωμαιοβρετανική.
Το όνομα Ούρσουλα προέρχεται από το λατινικό ursus που σημαίνει άρκτος. Επομένως το όνομα Ursula σημαίνει μικρή άρκτος (μικρή αρκούδα).
Και οι δύο γονείς της ήταν ευσεβείς χριστιανοί και καλόγνωμοι και μεγάλωσαν την νεαρή Ούρσουλα με τίμιες και χριστιανικές αρχές. Η Αγία από μικρής ηλικίας διακρινόταν για την ομορφιά της αλλά και τον αγώνα για την απόκτηση των ευαγγελικών αρετών έτσι ώστε μεγαλώνοντας έγινε περιζήτητη για το κάλλος και τον ενάρετο βίο της. Εκείνη η μακαρία σκεπτόταν την ολοκληρωτική της αφιέρωση στον Ιησού Χριστό γνωρίζοντας για τους Παρθενώνες όπου ευλαβείς γυναίκες ζούσαν με κοινοβιακή άσκηση και συνάμα κοινωνική αποστολή.
Ταυτόχρονα οι γυναίκες της Βρετανικής Εκκλησίας διακρίνονταν για την πίστη και την ευσέβειά τους και ιδιαιτέρως οι βασιλικές οικογένειες της Μεγάλης Βρετανίας εκόσμησαν την Εκκλησία του Χριστού κατά την πρώτη χιλιετία του Χριστιανισμού με πάνω από 50 Άγιες Βασίλισσες, πριγκίπισσες, Μάρτυρες και

Saint Ursula & her 10 Maidens, Martha, Sauli, Brictola, Saturnina, Sabbatia, Sentia, Palladia, Saturia & Pinnoza who martyred in Cologne, Germany, from Great Britain (+383) – October 21


Saint Ursula
her 10 Maidens, Martha, Sauli,
Brictola, Saturnina, Sabbatia, Sentia, Palladia, Saturia
& Pinnoza who martyred in Cologne, Germany, 
from Great Britain (+383)
October 21
Saint Ursula (Latin for “little female bear”) is a Romano-British Christian saint. Her feast day  is October 21.
She was a princess who, at the request of her father King Dionotus of Dumnonia in south-west Britain, set sail to join her future husband, the pagan governor Conan Meriadoc of Armorica, along with 10 virginal handmaidens.
After a miraculous storm brought them over the sea in a single day to a Gaulish port, Ursula declared that before her marriage she would undertake a pan-European pilgrimage. She headed for Rome with her followers and persuaded the Pope Cyriacus, and Sulpicius Bishop of Ravenna, to join them.
After setting out for Cologne, which was being besieged by the pagans, all the virgins were beheaded in a massacre. The pagan leader shot (with a bow and arrow) Ursula dead, in about 383.
Source: Wikipedia
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